Ancient Israeli Shrine Shows Signs of The Ritual Use of Marijuana


Chemical analyses of residue from an altar reveal a cannabis–animal dung mixture

(A section of the more than 2,700-year-old shrine at Arad, rebuilt from original archaeological finds for display at the Israel Museum, Jerusalem, includes two altars, one with frankincense residue (left) and one with cannabis residue (right).

Israel Antiquities Authority Collection, photo © The Israel Museum, Jerusalem, by Laura Lachman)


A limestone altar from an Iron Age shrine in Israel contains remnants of the world’s earliest known instance of burning cannabis plants in a ritual ceremony, a new study finds.

This altar, along with a second altar on which frankincense was burned, stood at the entrance to a room where religious rites were presumably held inside a fortress of the biblical kingdom of Judah. Previous analyses of recovered pottery and documented historical events at the site indicate that the shrine was used from roughly 760 B.C. to 715 B.C.

Excavations at Israel’s Tel Arad site in the 1960s uncovered the shrine amid the ruins of two fortress cities, one built atop the other, that date from the ninth century B.C. to the early sixth century B.C. Arad, about 45 kilometers west of the Dead Sea, guarded Judah’s southern border.

Chemical analyses of dark material on the two altars’ upper surfaces conducted in the late 1960s proved inconclusive. Using modern laboratory devices, a team led by archaeologist Eran Arie of the Israel Museum, Jerusalem and bioarchaeologist Dvory Namdar of Israel’s Agricultural Research Organization – Volcani Center in Bet-Dagan analyzed chemical components of residues on each altar. 

Cannabis on the smaller of the two altars had been mixed with animal dung so it could be burned at a low temperature, likely allowing ritual specialists to inhale the plant’s mind-altering fumes, the researchers report online May 29 in Tel Aviv, a journal published by Tel Aviv University’s Institute of Archaeology. This cannabis sample contained enough of the plant’s psychoactive compound THC to have induced an altered state of consciousness by breathing in its fumes.

Frankincense, a form of dried tree resin, was placed on the larger altar and mixed with animal fats that enabled burning at temperatures high enough to release the resin’s fragrance, the researchers say.

Biblical and historical texts indicate that frankincense and another fragrant tree resin, myrrh, reached the Iron Age Middle East and surrounding regions via trade from southern Arabia.

“But cannabis is completely new for understanding incense burning in this region, and in Judah in particular,” Arie says. Earlier evidence had pointed to the use of other mind-bending substances, such as opium, during religious rituals in various parts of the ancient Middle East and southwest Asia.

Arie suspects cannabis plants were cultivated far from Israel, in what’s now China or southeastern Russia. Knowledge of cannabis, or marijuana, probably spread from eastern and central Asia to Europe along early Silk Road trade routes, says archaeobotanist Robert Spengler of the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History in Jena, Germany. Mourners at a cemetery in western China inhaled cannabis fumes around 2,500 years ago (SN: 6/12/19).

It’s unclear how Middle Easterners learned about and acquired potent forms of cannabis, Spengler says. Discoveries at the Arad shrine, he says, “further complicate the early story of cannabis.”

Many Iron Age altars at Middle Eastern sites resemble the two at Tel Arad, says archaeologist Shimon Gibson of the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. The new report provides the first direct evidence that incense, sometimes including cannabis, was burned on at least some of those altars, he suggests. “It’s interesting to think of the priests officiating at these altars getting ‘high,’” Gibson muses.


 

Welcome to Universal Lighthouse.

We Are Shining Light on the ALL, That is ONE...

We are dedicated to enlightening this Earth with Truth, Knowledge, and Love. You will enjoy: Research and study from Universal Lighthouse including But not limited to, Ancient Text, paranormal and supernatural exploration, Metaphysical Theology, and Spiritual Awareness. You will also enjoy: Adventuring into the Unknown, Full Disclosure, UFO/UAP Phenomenon, Forbidden Archeology, New & Ancient Technology, Quantum Exploration, New Discoveries, Our Creative Nature, The Brilliance of The Universe and Much More. Universal Lighthouse offers our own Writings Plus, other information that is found throughout the Internet, We do try and find the original source for this information. However, the opinions, views, statements, and/or information we present are not necessarily the beliefs of Universal Lighthouse. Please use discernment with all the information given. We offer this information free for Research and Study Purposes. Not all information may be a current event but is to be used as a Library of information. It is our goal to raise the consciousness of humanity through knowledge, truth, and love. We are shining Light on the ALL that is One.

Please Like or subscribe for more amazing discoveries and Universal Enlightenment.

Join us on our FB Page https://www.facebook.com/ULight1123/

View Our Blog Here: https://universallighthous.wixsite.com/loveandlight/

Visit our Store Here: https://universallighthous.wixsite.com/uldesigns

Connect with us on Twitter: Universal Lighthouse: https://twitter.com/ULight1123

Follow us on Youtube: Universal Lighthouse

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCXbFVy5RD9exUZpeqOHEqEw

Other Pages and Groups.

Goddess Heart~ https://www.facebook.com/GoddessHeartteachings

Twin Flame ~ Ancient Secrets~ https://www.facebook.com/Twin-Flames-Ancient-Secrets-321594358686155

FB Groups:

Cosmic Light Tribe~ https://www.facebook.com/groups/437103100063433/

Unconditional Unity~ https://www.facebook.com/groups/UnconditionalUnity

Try out our new Distant Healing Sessions: Personal one on one healing with Chellea our Usui Reiki Master and Metaphysical Theologian

Universal Lighthouse Cosmic Healing

Universal Lighthouse Cosmic Healing is an Alternative and Complementary health care for the Body, Mind, and Spirit. Offering Remote/Distant Healing using Ancient Egyptian Clearing, Chakra Color and Frequency Balance & Therapy, Chakra Crystal Healing, Metaphysical Practices, Soul Awakening Techniques & Meditations, Usui Reiki, and Quantum Energy Work.

All sessions are Donation Based no matter what kind of Energy work being performed. We look at this as an energy exchange for our Services.

This is a "Pay what you Like" Service.

(That also means that this service is free to those who wish for the healing and can not afford to pay anything. However, we do ask that you pay it forward in exchange, by Submitting a Testimonial or by sharing our services with others.)

Book a Cosmic Video Healing Session Here.

https://universallighthous.wixsite.com/cosmichealing

58 views0 comments
SIGN UP TO RECEIVE ALL POSTS

Introducing
A Course in Cosmic LIGHT Work
By Chellea Wilder

The Merging of Ancient Practices to Embody and Work with the Universal Life Force Energies
Available in
Paperback and Kindle Reader